Steven P. Kurtz, Principal Investigator
Hilary L. Surratt, Co- Investigator
Flavio Pechansky, Co-Investigator
Project Period: 2007-2011
Funding Source: Fogarty International Center
Funding Amount: $117,876
This study was funded as an extension of the South Beach Project, with the goal of examining the marked increase in ecstasy use that is now occurring in many parts of Brazil. Although ecstasy was first introduced in Brazil as early as 1994, by most accounts its use remained localized and sporadic until 2000-2001. Currently, ecstasy use has spread to most major cities in Brazil, and occurs primarily in rave and night-club settings. The handful of published studies on this topic in Brazil suggests that ecstasy users are often polydrug abusers, and have significantly higher rates of illicit and prescription drug abuse than do non-ecstasy users. Because of the young age of the vast majority of club drug users and their tendency to mix numerous drugs during their typical drug binges, club drug users tend to be a highly vulnerable population. However, there are few published scientific studies of the health and social consequences of club drug use in general, and none that have been conducted in Brazil.
Within this context, the aims of the study were to: 1) recruit a sample of 200 out-of-treatment ecstasy users ages 18-39 in Porto Alegre, Brazil, and assess their life histories of alcohol and drug abuse onset and progression (changes in quantity, frequency, and types) and extent of current alcohol, club, prescription, and other drug use; 2) assess the nature and extent of health and social consequences associated with drug use within this population, including: sexual risk-taking and coercion; 3) examine the impact of gender on drug use onset, progression, extent of drug use and the nature and extent of health and social consequences; and 4) collect in-depth interview data from 20 participants to contextualize the survey data.