John O’Brien has been involved with APHG since the first Teacher’s National Institute at Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota in 1997. His background includes a Master’s Degree in Geographic Education from State University of New York at Buffalo. Since that time he has done graduate work in Middle Eastern Studies at Princeton University, Urban Geography at the University of Minnesota, Agricultural Geography at Eastern Michigan University, Political Geography at Ball State University, Economic Geography at Macalester College, Geography of the American South at the University of Tennessee and Political Science at Cornell University. He has also received Fulbright Fellowships to China, Egypt and Sub-Saharan Africa, and a U. S. – Japan Foundation Fellowship, and more recently a geographic exchange program to South Korea. He has also received ten National Endowments for the Humanities Fellowships and eight National Science Foundation grants in the social sciences. Over the past ten years he has been an instructor at many summer institutes and workshops, training AP Human Geography teachers both in the Midwest and in the South. He has also been a Reader and Table Leader for the scoring of AP Human Geography exams for seven years. Over the past 29 years he has had the opportunity to teach geography at colleges and high schools in New York, Minnesota and, currently in Naples, Florida.