At the end of the 2016-17 school year, Robert Topping will have completed 19 years of high school teaching, 18 of those years teaching AP U.S. History. He has been teaching at Palmetto Ridge High School in Collier County, Florida for the past 12 years after teaching in both Martin and Lee counties. He has led multiple day-long workshops on the new APUSH framework and exam, and has also led five APSI US History workshops across the Southern Region. Along with teaching and leading workshops, he has been a reader for the AP U.S. history exam since 2003, piloted a field test for the exam redesign and the new syllabi requirements. Additionally, he was the 2013-14 Collier County Social Studies Teacher of the year and helped write the curriculum maps and pacing guides for U.S. History in Collier County.